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CentOS 安装 nginx (Tengine)
1.安装组件yum install -y net-tools vim wget zip unzip lrzsz ...
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10
2018/08

CentOS 安装 nginx (Tengine)

1.安装组件

yum install -y net-tools vim wget zip unzip lrzsz pcre pcre-devel curl openssl openssl-devel openssh-server openssh-clients gcc-c++ zlib1g-dev zlib zlib-devel curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel opgcc perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker

2.下载并安装

方法一:
地址:https://github.com/alibaba/tengine/releases
安装:

a: wget https://github.com/alibaba/tengine/archive/tengine-2.2.2.tar.gz
b: tar -zxvf tengine-2.2.2.tar.gz
c: cd tengine-tengine-2.2.2 && ./configure
d: make && make install

方法二:

rpm -ivh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/7/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-7-0.el7.ngx.noarch.rpm
yum install -y nginx
whereis nginx
systemctl restart nginx 
systemctl enable nginx

3.配置及启动

Centos6服务:
vi /etc/init.d/nginx

#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig:   - 85 15
# description:  NGINX is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
#               proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config:      /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# config:      /etc/sysconfig/nginx
# pidfile:     /var/run/nginx.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)

NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx

make_dirs() {
   # make required directories
   user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:.*--user=" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -`
   if [ -n "$user" ]; then
      if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then
         useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user
      fi
      options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`
      for opt in $options; do
          if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then
              value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`
              if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then
                  # echo "creating" $value
                  mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value
              fi
          fi
       done
    fi
}

start() {
    [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
    [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
    make_dirs
    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
    daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
    return $retval
}

stop() {
    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
    killproc $prog -QUIT
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
    return $retval
}

restart() {
    configtest || return $?
    stop
    sleep 1
    start
}

reload() {
    configtest || return $?
    echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
    killproc $nginx -HUP
    RETVAL=$?
    echo
}

force_reload() {
    restart
}

configtest() {
  $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}

rh_status() {
    status $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
    rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
    start)
        rh_status_q && exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    stop)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    restart|configtest)
        $1
        ;;
    reload)
        rh_status_q || exit 7
        $1
        ;;
    force-reload)
        force_reload
        ;;
    status)
        rh_status
        ;;
    condrestart|try-restart)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
            ;;
    *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
        exit 2
esac

用法:service nginx start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest

#Centos7服务


cat <<EOF > /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service
[Unit]
Description=The nginx HTTP and reverse proxy server
After=syslog.target network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target
 
[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
ExecStartPre=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
ExecStart=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
ExecReload=/bin/kill -s HUP $MAINPID
ExecStop=/bin/kill -s QUIT $MAINPID
PrivateTmp=true
 
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

EOF

#保存之后,授权: chmod 745 /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service

启动nginx服务
systemctl start nginx.service
设置开机自启动
systemctl enable nginx.service
停止开机自启动
systemctl disable nginx.service
查看服务当前状态
systemctl status nginx.service
重新启动服务
systemctl restart nginx.service

#nginx 加入http Basic auth 密码验证
安装httpd
yum -y install httpd

生成认证信息(输入一下命令,然后输入密码)
htpasswd -c -d /etc/nginx/cert/域名目录/文件名 用户名

nginx配置文件中添加配置
auth_basic "Please input password"; #这个是提示信息
auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/cert/域名目录/文件名; #存放密码文件的路径

最后修改:2020 年 06 月 04 日 10 : 14 AM
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